Author Archives: cfuwadvocacy

Keeping Women’s Economic Equality on Leaders’ Radar This Election

OTTAWA – August 25, 2015 – Although a leaders’ debate focused on women’s issue may not be moving forward, CFUW is pleased to see issues affecting women’s economic participation, such as child care and parental leave, on the radar of political parties.

The economic participation of women is essential to Canada’s economy and should not be underestimated. The OECD estimates that closing the gap in women and men’s economic participation could grow our economy by between 9% and 16% in the next twenty years.

“Policies that support women’s economic participation include those that make it easier for mothers to stay in and return to the workforce, such as affordable and accessible child care, parental leave, and greater flexibility in the workforce”, said Doris Mae Oulton, President of CFUW. “We’re therefore pleased to see that political parties are making these policies part of their platforms”.

“It’s unacceptable that women continue to make up the majority of low-wage, part-time workers, in part owing to the high cost of caring for children”, said Ms Oulton. “That’s why it’s so encouraging that child care and parental leave has become a prominent issue in this election. Making quality early learning and child care more affordable is one key way to advance women’s economic equality and participation”.

So far in the election, the NDP, the Conservative Party of Canada, the Liberal Party of Canada, and Green Party have  presented their visions for defraying to costs of child care. Last week the Liberal Party of Canada also announced that they intend to make parental leave more flexible, and provide federally regulated employees with the right to request more flexible work arrangements to accommodate family obligations.

CFUW is however disappointed that a leaders’ debate focused on women’s issues will not be going forward.

“Without the commitment from all party leaders, the Up for Debate campaign pushing for the debate has had alter its plans”, said Ms. Oulton. “A debate would have given much greater visibility to issues like violence against women and women’s economic equality in the election. In lieu of a debate, Up for Debate will be organizing one on one interviews with leaders. CFUW and other members of the campaign will also be looking for other opportunities to raise the issues with candidates, the leaders and voters.”

With the Globe and Mail election debate on the economy scheduled for September 17th, CFUW hopes to hear all the leaders explain their in-depth plans for advancing women’s economic equality, including other issues like poverty, housing and homelessness, the gender wage gap and violence against women.

CFUW is a non-partisan, voluntary, self-funded organization with over 100 CFUW Clubs, located in every province across Canada. Since its founding in 1919, CFUW has been working to improve the status of women, and to promote human rights, public education, social justice, and peace.

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For more information contact Tara Fischer, Advocacy Coordinator, advocacy@cfuw.org  or 613-234-8252 ext. 106

CFUW Releases Early Learning and Child Care Videos Ahead of Election

Ottawa – August 17, 2015 – The Canadian Federation of University Women (CFUW) is pleased to announce the release of seven videos on YouTube on the subject of early learning and child care. These videos were recorded at the CFUW Guelph Community Child Care Forum, organized to bring awareness to the importance of early childhood education and the serious lack of quality licensed child care spaces in Canada.

“The release of these videos is timely with the upcoming 2015 election”, said Doris Mae Oulton, President of CFUW. “They are intended not only to raise awareness about the role of different levels of government in providing child care support but also to encourage people to engage their candidates in supporting an effective national child care policy”.

The videos feature the following speakers:

Martha Friendly, Executive Director of the Child Care Resource and Research Unit – who addresses the federal role in child care:

Martha Friendly -The Vision of Early Childhood Education and Care

Martha Friendly -Why Childcare Doesn’t Work in Canada

Martha Friendly – The Patchwork Quilt of Childcare

Martha Friendly – Turning the Vision into Reality

Zeenat Janmohamed, faculty member in the School of Early Childhood at George Brown College and visiting Scholar at the Atkinson Centre for Society and Child Development at the University of Toronto, who talks about Ontario’s move to integrate child care into the Ministry of Education:

Zeenat Janmohamed – Changes in Ontario

Zeenat Janmohamed – The Survey on Childcare

Lorna Reid, Director of the Early Child Care and Learning Centre at University of Guelph, who talks about the challenges operators face in meeting the needs of families.

Lorna Reid – Childcare – Getting it Right in Ontario

CFUW is a non-partisan, voluntary, self-funded organization with over 100 CFUW Clubs, located in every province across Canada. Since its founding in 1919, CFUW has been working to improve the status of women, and to promote human rights, public education, social justice, and peace.

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For more information please contact Tara Fischer, at advocacy@fcfdu.org or 613-234-8252 ext. 106

Statement by CFUW on Women and the Media

Women and mediaPeople across Canada are reacting to the treatment of television reporter Shauna Hunt.  It is appalling that women in the media are still challenged by forms of violence such as that experienced by the female journalist most recently.  Women in the media should not be subjected to any form of violence.  Whether it be verbal, as in this case, or in the form of negative representation that so adversely affects self-image and status in society.

The United Nations Beijing Platform for Action, unanimously supported by 189 countries in 1995, identifies Women and the Media as a critical area of concern. “Women’s rights are human rights” seems to have been lost in the Canadian context and particularly for women in media.

It is time for the governments of Canada to review policies and initiatives to prevent such occurrences.  Canada, which used to be number one on the equity index, has slipped to number twenty-three.  Is this due to negligence, complacency or indifference?  What causes this flow of aggression towards women in the media?  Who has the power to make a difference in how women are represented or treated in the media?  The Canadian Federation of University Women believes focused action in addressing this issue is imperative.

Further to the humiliation suffered by female reporters, who are now verbalizing their concerns, is the targeted campaign by some men to normalize violence.  It is no joke that the debasing of half the population has been viewed as funny or acceptable.  All such communication should be viewed as a hate crime, one that should be taken seriously and treated as injurious to women in society.

Such acts of violence against women in the media are barriers to full and equal participation of women reporters.  Negative representation of women in the media also undervalues women by denying their right to full respect in society.  This is just one of the many reasons CFUW supports the creation of a comprehensive National Action Plan on Violence against Women and Girls. We have contributed to a Blueprint for such a plan and hope that the Government of Canada will work with us and other stakeholders to see it to fruition.

Why International Day Against Victim-Blaming Matters

by Allegra Morgado

Today marks the fourth annual International Day Against Victim-Blaming. Since the topic of rape culture has become such a forefront issue in the media and on college campuses in recent years, the issue of victim blaming has been more widely discussed. Although the thought of blaming a victim for an action taken against them may sound ludicrous – the video “If we treat robbery like rape” shows you just how ridiculous it seems in other contexts – almost all sexual assault victims have to deal with it at some point in their lives. It is one of the reasons that the majority of victims never report an assault. So why do we victim blame? What is gained from this practice that is clearly harmful to all victims of sexual assault?

Although there is no concrete answer or reasoning behind victim blaming, there are a lot of different reasons why people do it. In order to figure out the answer we need to talk about three contributing factors – our assumptions of why women get sexually assaulted, how we talk about sexual assault to young people, and why people commit sexual assault. Although it is important to recognize that men are sexually assaulted, because over 80% of sexual assault victims are women, this post will mostly focus on women.

The view of women’s and men’s sexuality is the first thing that needs to change. In an interview about her book The Purity Myth: How America’s Obsession With Virginity is Hurting Young Women on NBC’s “The Today Show”, Jessica Valenti explains that “the ‘purity myth’ is the lie that women’s sexuality has some bearing on who we are and how good we are.” This view is not unique to the United States – all over the world, including in Canada, women are harshly judged on their decisions about their own personal sexuality. This judgement is often ingrained, be it from religion, media, or just cultural norms, and affects how women who are open about their sexuality are viewed. While men are often praised for their “sexual conquests” women have historically been judged and shamed. The connotation behind the word “slut” is one clear example. These views are centuries old and mostly comes from the patriarchal societies that we live in, where women’s rights have only really been a topic of conversation for the past 125 or so years.

When women are constantly judged for their sexuality, people are scared and skeptical about anything that has to do with it. This judgment is where the “what was she wearing?” and “why was she out so late?” questions often stem from. As Dr. Juliana Breines says in her article “Why Do We Blame Victims?” on the University of California, Berkley’s Greater Good Science Center website says “victims threaten our sense that the world is a safe and moral place, where good things happen to good people and bad things happen to bad people”. This is why we try to find a reason to blame the victim; if it is their fault, then those of us who dress in certain ways or take all possible precautions to prevent rape must be safe.

Rape is preventable, but first we have to change the way talk about rape and sexual assault. Although it is beginning to change, for far too long the conversation has been focused around telling women not to get raped, rather than telling men not to rape. When a victim is blamed or we suggest she could have prevented it in some way, we are sending the message that an assailant’s behaviour is in part excusable. There also needs to be a change in the conversation about consent. By changing the statement to “Yes Means Yes” from “No Means No,” we change the requirement for consent to an explicit yes, rather than the absence of a no. Although it may not seem “sexy” to stop during an intimate moment to ask for consent, it is necessary to have open communication and dialogue to ensure that both parties are happily consenting to the activity at hand, and that consent is ongoing. The Ontario government’s new sex-education curriculum, which includes consent based lessons, is a very positive step in that direction.

In order to stop sexual assault, it is essential to continue the conversation about consent and the fight for women to be truly equal. Because as long as there are cases like those of Rehtaeh Parsons and Amanda Todd, there is a need for an International Day Against Victim-Blaming. For more information on the day and what you can do to help out, check out the Facebook event, hosted by SlutWalk, here: https://www.facebook.com/events/1390690721209922/

Remembering on the 25th Anniversary of the École Polytechnique Massacre

Tomorrow is the 25th Anniversary of the massacre at Universite du Montreal’s Ecole polytechnique of 14 women. Today and tomorrow, across the country, there are vigils and sunrise services being held to remember. There is talk that some of the families of the women who were murdered have asked that we move on; so that they can move on as well. I am not sure we can ‘move on’.

There are articles in remembering the incident that use the headline “the day that forever changed Canada” – but that claim rings hollow in light of the events of the past few months.

Gun control – which seemed to be a just response to the horror of Montreal – is dead. We have parliamentarians saying that the best response to the unthinkable violence that was exhibited at that massacre is to support female engineering students – which seems to miss the entire point.

I remember that day – I suggested immediately that we lower the flag on the Manitoba legislative building and was told we didn’t do that – only did it for Manitobans unless it was for a national figure of outstanding importance. Later that afternoon, when it was realized that these 14 women had become figures of outstanding national importance, the flag was lowered.

I remember standing in the Chamber of the Black Star of the Legislative Building of Manitoba, where women, in a most unusual move of protocol, had been allowed in to have a time of remembrance.

I remember being asked to repeat a simple phrase ‘I am a feminist’. It was a declaration that women would not be afraid. The monster who did the shooting was “fighting feminism” and calling the women “a bunch of feminists.”

If you go on to a number of websites today – you will shockingly find that fight is still going on – and not just by men.

I was incredibly heartened by Emma Watson’s recent UN initiative – He for She – in which she stated in a most straightforward manner – feminism is by definition the belief that men and women should have equal opportunities. Seems like a pretty easy thing to endorse.

Twenty five years ago, sitting in a classroom, living out their right to embrace that simple statement were fourteen women: see CTV News – http://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/the-14-women-who-were-killed-at-ecole-polytechnique-1.2134006#ixzz3L1p006pq

Doris Mae Oulton
President, CFUW-FCFDU
Dec 5, 2014 • Winnipeg

CFUW appeals to legislators, civil society, and individual citizens to mobilize, unite and act to eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls

OTTAWA, 25 November 2014 – Today on International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, CFUW joins with our International affiliate, the International Federation of University Women (IFUW), in drawing attention to the ongoing, widespread and systemic culture of violence against women and girls in Canada and around the world.

Together, we call on governments to work with stakeholders, including, justice, health, education and social service sectors to develop, implement and enforce comprehensive and coordinated plans of action to end violence against women and girls.

Violence against women manifests itself in physical, sexual, psychological, and economic violence. It occurs in our homes, workplaces, schools and in public places, and can affect women and girls of all ages and background. Trafficking, forced and early child marriage, sexual harassment, female genital mutilation and rape as a weapon of war, and non-state actor torture are all specific forms of violence that disproportionately affect women and girls around the world.

Not only does violence jeopardize the security and wellbeing of women and girls, it also has a large economic impact on survivors and Canada as a whole. Statistics Canada and others have estimated the cost of intimate partner violence and sexual violence at $7.4 and $1.9 billion respectively, including the costs of social services, healthcare, the justice system, and lost productivity.

“Over the last several weeks, Canadians have been reminded again and again that violence against women and sexual harassment are still persistent problems in this country. Even Parliament Hill and our public broadcaster’s offices are not immune”, said Doris Mae Oulton, President of CFUW. “These high profile cases have helped shine a light on the complexities of gender-based violence and have sparked important discussions. But discussions must also lead to action. On any given day in Canada, over 8200 women and children are living in emergency shelters and transition houses to escape violent partners. Annually over 400,000 women and girls report sexually assaults, yet an approximate 90% of assaults go unreported. Nearly 1,200 Aboriginal women and girls have been murdered or gone missing over the last 30 years. We cannot let this continue to happen.”

President of IFUW, Catherine Bell, stated that: “Up to 70% of women will suffer violence in their lifetimes. Often, alarmingly, it is intimate partners or family members that carry out the attacks with devastating effects. What is more worrying is the extremely low rate of complaint in cases of violence against women, where only 13 -14% of the most serious cases are reported to the police. Many such reports do not result in legal proceedings and conviction. Law enforcement, health professionals, teachers and social workers need to be properly trained in treating and protecting survivors of violence so that girls and women feel safe and empowered to come forward and share their stories.”

CFUW is a non-partisan, voluntary, self-funded organization with over 100 CFUW Clubs, located in every province across Canada. Since its founding in 1919, CFUW has been working to improve the status of women, and to promote human rights, public education, social justice, and peace. CFUW is the largest affiliate of the International Federation of University Women (IFUW), the leading girls’ and women’s global organization run by and for women, advocating for women’s rights, equality and empowerment through access to quality education and training up to the highest levels.

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For more information, please contact: Tara Fischer, Advocacy Coordinator, advocacy@fcfdu.org, 613-234-8252 ext. 106.

CFUW Trailblazers: Women Who Knew How to Roar

To mark Women’s History Month in Canada, CFUW is honouring some of the trailblazers that were once members of our organization.

Dr. Alice E. Wilson

Dr. Alice E. Wilson

Dr. Ann Augusta Stowe-Gullen (1857 – 1943), one of the first members of the University Women’sClub Toronto, is known for being the first woman to graduate from a Canadian medical school (Faculty of Medicine at Victoria University, Toronto) in 1883. Her advocacy work led to the establishment of the Ontario Medical College for Women.

 Dr. Alice E. Wilson (1881 – 1964) was one of the first recipients of a CFUW scholarship at the age of 44, which opened the door to a long and distinguished career as the first woman to hold a professional position with the Geological Survey of Canada and to be appointed Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1938.  Recognizing the importance of the CFUW scholarship/fellowship program, Dr. Wilson left a bequest to the organization in 1964, establishing the Dr. Alice E. Wilson Awards. The awards are given to four women annually.

Dr. Elizabeth Bagshaw

Dr. Elizabeth Bagshaw

Dr. Elizabeth Bagshaw (1881 – 1982) was one of Canada’s first female doctors and the medical director of the first (illegal) birth control clinic in Canada despite intense criticism from the medical and religious communities. She served as the clinic’s medical director for over 30 years pioneering areas of family medicine that were not widely practiced at the time. Dr. Bagshaw was a member of the University Women’s Club of Hamilton.

Helen Alice Kinnear, Q.C. (1894 – 1970), a former member of the University Women’s Club of Toronto, was the first federally appointed woman judge in Canada.


Charlotte Elizabeth Whitton, O.C., C.B.E. (1896 – 1975)
was a member of the University Women’s Club in Ottawa, a feminist, and the first woman mayor of Ottawa (and a major city in Canada), serving from 1951 to 1956 and again from 1960 to 1964.

The Honourable Muriel McQueen Fergusson, P.C. O.C. Q.C. (1899 – 1997), a former member of CFUW Ottawa, was the first woman Speaker of the Senate from 1972 to 1974, and the first woman deputy mayor of Ottawa in 1953.

Phyllis Gregory RossO.C., C.B.E. (1903 – 1988) was a Canadian economist and the first woman to serve as a Chancellor in the Commonwealth of Nations. She was a member and President of the University Women’s Club in Ottawa. 

Winona Grace MacInnisO.C., O.B.C.  (1905 – 1991), a former member of University Women’s Clubs of Ottawa and Vancouver, was the first woman from British Columbia to be elected to the House of Commons.

Helen Battles Sawyer Hogg, C.C. (1905 – 1993), a former member of the University Women’s Club on Toronto, was an astronomer, the first female president of several astronomical organizations, and the first woman to be appointed to the physical sciences division of the Royal Society of Canada.

Dr. Jessie Gray

Dr. Jessie Gray

Dr. Jessie Gray (1910 – 1978) was known as Canada’s “first lady of surgery”, and one of the four leading cancer surgeons in North America at the time. She was a member of the University Women’s Club of Toronto, and earned a formidable succession of firsts: first woman gold medalist in medicine at U of T (1934); first woman to obtain the master of surgery degree (1939); first woman resident surgeon at the Toronto General Hospital; first woman fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (Canada, 1941); first woman member of the Central Surgical Society of North America; and first woman elected to the Science Council of Canada (1966).


The Hon. Pauline Mills McGibbon, C.C., O. Ont, (1910 – 2001) was a member of the University Women’s Club of Toronto, and served as the 22nd Lieutenant Governor of Ontario from 1974 to 1980. In addition to being the first woman to occupy this position, she was the first woman to serve as a viceregal representative.

Blanche Margaret Meagher, O.C. (1911 – 1999) was a Canadian diplomat and in 1958 was appointed as Canada’s first woman ambassador. She was a member of the University Women’s Club of Halifax and served as Ambassador to Israel, Austria and Sweden.

Marie-Claire Kirkland-Casgrain, C.M., C.Q. is a Quebec lawyer, judge, politician and former member of CFUW Montreal. She was the first woman elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec, the first woman appointed a Cabinet minister in Quebec, the first woman appointed acting premier, and the first woman judge to serve in the Quebec Provincial Court.